What are Crypto Derivatives and How to Trade Them?

The crypto market is as volatile and vulnerable as the stock market. As a result, the derivatives market ploys to be crucial for the cryptocurrencies as they can help manage the risks involved by influencing the price dynamics. However, before we dive into trading crypto derivatives, you need to know a derivatives market.

What is the Derivatives Market

Derivatives are contracts/products that define the value of the assets. The derivative assets include commodities, assets, exchange rates, and currencies. In this case, the buyer and seller generally are on the opposite sides of the wager. However, they together determine the future value of the product/contract.

What Are Crypto Derivatives

You now understand how derivatives work. Let’s see how these results work in the crypto world. In the case of crypto derivatives, the underlying product/asset is the cryptocurrency token. The two parties that collaborate for the contract tend to speculate the future pricing of the cryptocurrency based on the current market factors and other conditions. They tend to price the currency at a specific rate and purchase these tokens. The two parties determine the current buying/selling price for these tokens and estimate the future cost of these assets.

Why do Investors choose Crypto Derivatives?

Before we run into how derivatives work, it is essential to understand why investors opt for products. What benefits do they gain from this trading market?

  1. Derivatives are majorly used to mitigate the market risks, as it tends to speculate the pricing based on specific factors. Thus, it is more of a calculated estimation. As a result, it tends to lower the transaction costs involved in trading. Eventually, it proves to be cost-effective as compared to other tools such as spot trading.
  2. In the case of derivatives, the crypto coin’s price is directly related to the derivative contract. These contracts act as your security against the asset prices. Even if the crypto token prices go up or low, you will be able to make up for the derivatives’ losses.
  3. The underlying asset’s price needs to be fixed, and the derivative contract can ably help the market with the same.
  4. The risks are equally divided or ably managed in the derivatives market. It allows the investors and corporations to shift the risks to other stakeholders, thus giving them the advantage of preventing losses.
  5. Lastly, it helps manage the equilibrium in the market, which is highly volatile, by accurately determining the price of these assets or tokens.


What are the Different Types of Crypto Derivatives?

Before you understand how to trade crypto derivatives, you need to understand the different derivatives that crypto traders can use.

  1. Options: The buyer/seller commits to transactions for a specific asset using pre-defined pricing. They tend to work well within particular timelines for the same. In this case, the traders need not invest in assets as per the contracts. Instead, they can determine the pricing mutually.
  2. Forward: This is a customized contract to determine the pricing of the assets. This option is generally preferred when the investors take the over-the-counter exchange.
  3. Swap: It is a pre-planned cash-flow exchange wherein both parties involved determine when they will conduct the transaction in the future. At this point, the parties will also determine the pricing for the contract.
  4. Futures: In this case, the trader will need to sell or buy the asset at a defined price on a determined date.

How does Crypto Derivative Trading Work?

Let’s understand how trading works in the cryptocurrency derivatives market.

  • There are two parties involved in the whole process. They enter into a contract to determine the future pricing of the asset, which in this case is the token.
  • Let’s assume, for the sake of understanding, one party suggests an increase in the currency price while the other suggests it will fall.
  • Based on the facts and factors that help estimate the pricing, both parties can estimate the rise/fall in the price. Say the current pricing is $200000. One person estimates it will fall to $190000 in a year while you estimate it will increase to #210000 in the same period.
  • You both can sign a contract with your estimates. If the price increases at the end of the year, the person who estimated it would decrease will pay the difference to the other person. If the price goes down, the person who evaluated it will pay the difference.

The two parties involved can follow any of the four applicable derivatives methods to trade and enter into the contract.


As it is a speculative market, it is highly risky and volatile too. There is a possibility of fast fluctuation, and it is possible that the coin pricing sways to both sides before it gains steadiness. One should consider the future factors and several other estimates before determining the cryptocurrency derivatives. It is essential to consider the losses you are likely to incur before you go ahead and trade in these markets. It is suggested you trade in known coins or marketplaces to get better returns.

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