A distributed network constitutes two or more computers connected together, sharing data and resources as well as facilitating communication among them. The main purpose of using a distributed network is to spread out the work along with the computer resources. One of the most common examples of a distributed network is the blockchain system.
A permanent record of all transactions is recorded on thousands of computers distributed across the network, which makes the network highly secure. More than 51% of the network has to be compromised for the network to get attacked. Such an attack is known as a 51% attack.
Within the distributed network, the computers are known as nodes. These networks comprise equal and interconnected nodes, which makes the data along with computer resources shareable. The location of the node and computational resources are equal. The data processing in distributed networks requires crowdsourcing since these networks do not have a central server. The data access is unrestricted for all the nodes present in the network. Distributed networks are fault-tolerant which means that the network continues to function even when one of the nodes breaks down. Due to the uniform distribution of work among the nodes, the operating speed of such networks is very high. These networks also have enhanced transparency since all data is accessible by all nodes.